Mechanisms of the Atheroprotective Effect of Methotrexate Studied


RA patients who use methotrexate have been shown to have lower cardiovascular mortality compared to non-users; however, the mechanism underlying this protection is unclear.  Here, Reiss et al (Arthritis Rheum 2008; 58(12): 3675) explore the atheroprotective effects of methotrexate in an experimental model of atherogenesis. Methods THP-1 monocytes/macrophages and human donor peripheral blood mononuclear cells […]

Immune Tolerance Induced by Chicken Type II Collagen as Treatment for RA


Type II collagen is abundant in the joint and is a major target of immune-mediated damage in RA. As suggested in studies of experimental animals, induction of immune tolerance at the level of the cartilage may be a way of reducing the signs and symptoms of RA and prevent joint destruction. However, whether oral administration of Type II collagen is an efficacious treatment for humans with established active RA has not been established.

European Admixture Associated with Genetic Risk for Rheumatoid Arthritis in African-Americans


Susceptibility to rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is complex; although a number of genetic susceptibility loci have been identified that appear to confer increased risk. Among these, genes encoding sequence variants in the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II molecule, known as the “shared epitope” (SE), have been known for decades and have the strongest link to RA susceptibility.